The Risk Factors of Having a Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection


Long-term infection with hepatitis C virus or HCV is known as persistent hepatitis C. Chronic hepatitis C is commonly a “silent” infection for a thousand years, until the virus recompense the liver enough to trigger the signs and symptoms of liver condition. Here are the signs and symptoms of Hepatitis C:

  • Certainly bleeding
  • Certainly bruising
  • Tiredness or fatigue
  • Poor appetite
  • Yellow pigmentation of the skin and eyes or jaundice
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Itchy skin
  • Weight loss
  • Confusion, drowsiness and speak unclearly (hepatic encephalopathy)
  • Spider-like blood vessel on the skin or spider angiomas

Every chronic hepatitits C infection begin with an acute stage. Acute hepatitis C commonly goes undiagnosed because it occasionally triggers symptoms. When signs and symptoms are exist, they may involve jaundice, along with fatigue, nausea, fever and muscle pains. Acute signs arise 1-3 months after the vulnerability to the virus and thee last 2 weeks – 3 months.

Acute hepatitis C infection does not consistently become chronic. Several people explicit HCV from their bodies after the acute stage, a result known as natural viral clearance. In studies of people identified with acute HCV, rates of natural viral clearance have diverse from 14-50%. Acute hepatitis C also reacts well to antiviral treatment.


Hepatitis C infection is triggered by the hepatitis C virus. The infection scatters when blood infected with the virus access the bloodstream of an uninfected person.

In worldwide, HCV exists in some clear forms, known as genotypes. The most usual HCV genotypes in North America and Europe are type one. They two also happen in the U.S and Europe, but is less usual than type one. Both type 1 and 2 have also scatter through much of the world, though other genotypes trigger a majority of contaminants in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia.

Though chronic hepatitis C does a similar course in spite of the genotype of the infecting virus, treatment suggestions differ depending on viral genotype.


Your chances of hepatitis C infection are increased if you:

  • Are health center workers who have been vulnerable to contaminated blood, which may occur if an infected needle penetrates your skin?
  • Have ever injected or breathe in illicit drugs
  • Have HIV
  • Experienced a piercing or tattoo in an dirty environment using unsterile tools
  • Experienced a blood transfusion or organ transfer before 1992
  • Experienced clotting part concentrates before 1987
  • Experienced haemodialysis treatment for a prolonged time
  • Were born to a woman with a hepatitis C contaminants
  • Were ever in jail
  • Were born between the year of 1945 and 1965, the age set with the highest occurrence of hepatitis C infection


HCV infection that continues more than a thousand years can trigger significant difficulties, like:

  • Discoloration of the liver or cirrhosis. After 20-30 years HCV infection, cirrhosis may happen. Discoloration in your liver makes it hard for your liver to work.
  • Liver cancer. A little number of people with HCV virus may grow liver cancer.
  • Liver failure. Advanced cirrhosis may trigger your liver to prevent functioning.

Source: Mayo Clinic